Skin Benign Tumor: Types and Treatment

The skin benign tumor is a non-cancerous tumor of the skin growth or abnormal area on the skin brought about by uncontrolled Proliferation of tissues that do not metastasize or spread to other parts of the body.

Usually, non-cancerous tumors are not life-threatening so they don’t require any treatment but may be removed with surgery in some cases.

Continue reading as I walk you through the types, prevention, causes as well as treatment of the skin benign tumor.

Types of Skin Benign Tumor

Hemangioma

This is a purple or red lump on the skin which is mediated by an abnormal blood vessel buildup. Oftentimes, small hemangiomas could go away on their own.

However, if they seem to cause any troubles or are too large they may be treated with laser surgery or drugs, such as steroids or beta blockers, given as a pill or by injection.

Keratinous and pilar cysts.

Keratinous and pilar cysts are lumps under the skin mediated by an accumulation of substances from the skin, which includes keratin from proteins.

This is the most common type of skin cyst and is found on any part of the body. The cyst could be removed through a surgical means or treated by draining it using an incision.

Dermatofibroma

This is a small itchy or tender hard lump on the body and has a color variation from pink or red or even brown.

Dermatofibromas occur mostly on the arms and legs, especially the lower leg. They are common and happen more often in women than in men and can occur as a result of some minor injury to the skin like an insect bite.

They don’t need to be removed unless they pose some danger and may be removed by doctors using surgical excision or cryosurgery.

Lipoma

This is a soft, rubbery growth that starts off as the growth in the fat cells. Lipomas forms anywhere in the body where fat cells can be found but they are commonly found underneath the skin in the subcutaneous tissue; usually, it is not necessary to remove them unless they are large and causes pain, then they may be removed by surgery.

Wart

Wart is a small oval growth found on the skin. It can occur on any part of the skin which may include the hands, anus, bottom of the feet, and genital area, and is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).

Sometimes, warts go away on their own or may be treated with specialized medications applied on the skin, cryosurgery, or electrosurgery.

Mole

mole also known as melanocytic nevus is a bump on the skin that is usually brown or pink with smooth and regular edges. Moles are made up of a group of cells that gives color to skin and hair called melanocytes.

They can be found anywhere on the body and may be raised or flat. The mole can result in melanoma skin cancer if there are abnormal features such as unusual coloring, uneven border, or bleeding and a biopsy test may be needed for confirmation.

Seborrheic keratosis

This is usually pink, red, tan, dark brown, or black raised growth that appears waxy or greasy. Seborrheic keratoses have a similar resemblance to warts and can vary in size.

Seborrheic keratoses can be found anywhere on the skin, but most often appear on the face, shoulders, chest, and back and is most common in middle-aged and older adults.

Seborrheic keratosis can be treated using cryosurgery or curettage

Skin tag

a skin tag is usually a small, soft growth that is of the same color as the skin. Skin tags are very common and usually occur in middle-aged and older adults.

They occur in the neck, armpits, or groin region. Usually, it is not necessary to remove them unless they become painful and can be removed from the skin tags using electrosurgery, surgical excision, or cryosurgery.

Prevention of skin benign growth

There are several things to do that could help prevent you from a tumor which include.

  1. Always seek shade, especially between the time of 10 AM and 4 PM.
  2. Avoid sunburns
  3. Avoid tanning, especially the use of UV tanning beds.
  4. Always put on covering clothing, including a broad-brimmed hat and UV-blocking sunglasses.
  5. Use a broad-spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher when under the sun.

Treatment of Skin Benign Tumor

The Benign tumor of the skin could be approached in different ways. The treatment of benign skin tumors includes excision, cryotherapy, curettage with or without electrodesiccation, and pharmacotherapy. This is also based on the type of skin tumor and its area of location.

1. Curettage and electrodessications

This process involves scraping away the tumor tissues with a sharp surgical instrument called a curette. Bleeding could be stopped using the electrosurgical unit

2. Surgical Excision

This process involves cutting open the skin, removal of the growth, and closing up the wound with stitches.

3. Cryosurgery

This process involves the direct application of nitrogen or any of its substituents into the skin to freeze the tissue.

FAQs

Q: What is the Most Common Benign Tumor of the Skin?

Seborrheic keratoses, this is the most common benign tumor of the skin. They are scaly, hyperpigmented, and often greasy varying in size and thickness, and often appear to be stuck onto the skin surface commonly in middle-aged and older adults.

Q: Can you tell if a Tumor is Benign Without a Biopsy?

No, usually benign tumors can grow but do not spread and there is no way to tell from symptoms alone if a tumor is benign or malignant.

MRI scans can sometimes reveal the tumor type, but in most cases, a biopsy is required. So it is advised to get a biopsy to be certain.

Q: What Causes Benign Skin Growth?

Exposure to the sun is one of the major causes of benign skin tumors or growth. Also, it could be a result of hereditary genes or appear to respond to hormonal changes.

Growth like Pyogenic granulomas appear after the skin is damaged as a result of an injury.

Q: Can Benign Skin Growths Grow?

Yes, benign skin tumors like Solitary, small nodules, or papules that often appear on the face, fingers, and lips can develop rapidly and are common during pregnancy.

There are several treatment methods which include laser ablation, curettage, or excision through surgery. However, this type of benign skin growth has a high chance of reoccurrence.

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Egbujor Victor Chinedu
He Is Just A Pro Blogger Who Invests his time in Blogging and Web Designing ... Student, Writer...

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